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General Compilation


This topic is about how to compile Doris from source.

Use Off-the-Shelf Image​

  1. Download Docker image

    $ docker pull apache/doris:build-env-ldb-toolchain-latest

    Check if the download is completed

    $ docker images
    apache/doris build-env-ldb-toolchain-latest 49f68cecbc1a 4 days ago 3.76GB

Note 1: For different versions of Doris, you need to download the corresponding image version. For Apache Doris 0.15 and above, the corresponding Docker image will have the same version number as Doris. For example, you can use apache/doris:build-env-for-0.15.0 to compile Apache Doris 0.15.0.

Note 2: apache/doris:build-env-ldb-toolchain-latest is used to compile the latest trunk code. It will keep up with the update of the trunk code. You may view the update time in docker/

Image Versioncommit idRelease Version
apache/incubator-doris:build-envbefore ff0dd0d0.8.x, 0.9.x
apache/incubator-doris:build-env-1.1ff0dd0d or later0.10.x or later
apache/incubator-doris:build-env-1.24ef5a8c or later0.12.x - 0.14.0
apache/incubator-doris:build-env-1.3.1ad67dd3 or later0.14.x
apache/doris:build-env-for-0.15.0a81f4da or later0.15.0
apache/incubator-doris:build-env-latestbefore 0efef1b
apache/doris:build-env-for-1.21.1.x, 1.2.x
apache/doris:build-env-for-1.2-no-avx21.1.x, 1.2.x


  1. Third-party libraries in images with "no-avx2" in their names can run on CPUs that do not support avx2 instructions. Doris can be compiled with the USE_AVX2=0 option.
  1. Dev docker image ChangeLog
  1. For Doris 0.14.0, use apache/incubator-doris:build-env-1.2 to compile; for Doris 0.14.x, use apache/incubator-doris:build-env-1.3.1 to compile.
  1. The docker images of build-env-1.3.1 and above include both OpenJDK 8 and OpenJDK 11, please confirm the default JDK version with java -version. You can also switch versions as follows. (It is recommended to use JDK8.)

    Switch to JDK 8:

    alternatives --set java java-1.8.0-openjdk.x86_64
    alternatives --set javac java-1.8.0-openjdk.x86_64
    export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.8.0

    Switch to JDK 11:

    alternatives --set java java-11-openjdk.x86_64
    alternatives --set javac java-11-openjdk.x86_64
    export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-11
  1. Run the image

    $ docker run -it apache/doris:build-env-ldb-toolchain-latest

    It is recommended to run the image by mounting the local Doris source directory, so that the compiled binary file will be stored in the host machine and will not disappear because of the exit of the image.

    Meanwhile, it is recommended to mount the maven .m2 directory in the image to the host directory to prevent repeated downloading of maven's dependent libraries each time the compilation is started.

    In addition, when running image compilation, it is necessary to download some files, and the image can be started in host mode. The host mode does not require the addition of - p for port mapping, as it shares network IP and ports with the host.

    The parameters of the docker run section are explained as follows: | parameter | annotation | |---|---| | -v | Mount a storage volume to a container and mount it to a directory on the container | | --name | Specify a container name, which can be used for container management in the future | | --network | Container network settings: 1 Bridge ( using the bridge specified by the Docker daemon ), 2 Host ( the network where the container uses the host ), 3 Container: NAME Or ID ( using network resources such as IP and PORT from other containers ), 4. none ( containers using their own network are similar to - net=bridge, but not configured ) |

    The following example refers to mounting the container's/root/doris DORIS-x.x.x-release to the host/your/local/doris DORIS-x.x.x-release directory, naming mydocker, and starting the image in host mode:

    $ docker run -it --network=host --name mydocker -v /your/local/.m2:/root/.m2 -v /your/local/doris-DORIS-x.x.x-release/:/root/doris-DORIS-x.x.x-release/ apache/doris:build-env-ldb-toolchain-latest
  2. Download source code

    After starting the image, you should be in the container. You can download the Doris source code using the following command (If you have mounted the local Doris source directory, you don't need do this):

    $ git clone
  3. Compile Doris

    Firstly, run the following command to check whether the compilation machine supports the avx2 instruction set.

    $ cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep avx2

    If it is not supported, use the following command to compile.

    $ USE_AVX2=0 sh

    If supported, use the following command to compile.

    $ sh

    To build debug version for BE, add BUILD_TYPE=Debug.

    $ BUILD_TYPE=Debug sh

    After compilation, the output files will be in the output/ directory.


    If you are using build-env-for-0.15.0 or the subsequent versions for the first time, use the following command when compiling:

    sh --clean --be --fe

    This is we have upgraded the thrift (0.9 -> 0.13) for build-env-for-0.15.0 and the subsequent versions. That means you need to use the --clean command to force the use of the new version of thrift to generate code files, otherwise it will result in code incompatibility.

    After compilation, the output file will be in the output/ directory.

Self-Compile Development Environment Image​

You can create a Doris development environment image yourself. Check docker/ for details.

Direct Compilation (Ubuntu)​

You can compile Doris directly in your own Linux environment.

  1. System Dependencies

    • System dependencies before commit ad67dd3 are as follows:

      GCC 7.3+, Oracle JDK 1.8+, Python 2.7+, Apache Maven 3.5+, CMake 3.11+ Bison 3.0+

      If you are using Ubuntu 16.04 or newer, you can use the following command to install the dependencies:

      sudo apt-get install build-essential openjdk-8-jdk maven byacc flex automake libtool-bin bison binutils-dev libiberty-dev zip unzip libncurses5-dev curl git ninja-build python autopoint pkg-config
      apt-add-repository 'deb focal main'
      apt-get update && apt-get install cmake

      If you are using CentOS, you can use the following command to install the dependencies:

      sudo yum groupinstall 'Development Tools' && sudo yum install maven cmake byacc flex automake libtool bison binutils-devel zip unzip ncurses-devel curl git wget python2 glibc-static libstdc++-static java-1.8.0-openjdk

    • System dependencies after commit ad67dd3 are as follows:

      GCC 10+, Oracle JDK 1.8+, Python 2.7+, Apache Maven 3.5+, CMake 3.19.2+ Bison 3.0+

      If you are using Ubuntu 16.04 or newer, you can use the following command to install the dependencies:

      sudo apt install build-essential openjdk-8-jdk maven cmake byacc flex automake libtool-bin bison binutils-dev libiberty-dev zip unzip libncurses5-dev curl git ninja-build python
      sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:ubuntu-toolchain-r/test
      sudo apt update
      sudo apt install gcc-11 g++-11
      ln -s /usr/bin/g++-11 /usr/bin/g++
      ln -s /usr/bin/gcc-11 /usr/bin/gcc
      sudo apt-get install autoconf automake libtool autopoint
  2. Compile Doris

    This is the same as compiling with the Docker development image. Before compiling, you need to check whether the avx2 instruction is supported.

    $ cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep avx2

    If it is supported, use the following command to compile:

    $ sh

    If not supported, use the following command to compile:

    $ USE_AVX2=0 sh

    To build debug version for BE, add BUILD_TYPE=Debug.

    $ BUILD_TYPE=Debug sh

    After compilation, the output files will be in the output/ directory.


  1. Could not transfer artifact from/to xxx

    If you encounter the above error, please refer to PR #4769 and modify the cloudera-related repo configuration in fe/pom.xml.

  2. Invalid download links of third-party dependencies

    The download links of the third-party libraries that Doris relies on are all in the thirdparty/ file. Over time, some download links may fail. If you encounter this situation. It can be solved in the following two ways:

    1. Manually modify the thirdparty/ file

      Manually modify the problematic download links and the corresponding MD5 value.

    2. Use a third-party download warehouse:

      export REPOSITORY_URL=

      REPOSITORY_URL contains all third-party library source code packages and their historical versions.

  3. fatal error: Killed signal terminated program ...

    If you encounter this error, the possible reason is not enough memory allocated to the image. (The default memory allocation for Docker is 2 GB, and the peak memory usage during the compilation might exceed that.)

    You can fix this by increasing the memory allocation for the image, 4 GB ~ 8 GB, for example.

  4. When using Clang to compile Doris, PCH files will be used by default to speed up the compilation process. The default configuration of ccache may cause PCH files to be unable to be cached, or the cache to be unable to be hit, resulting in PCH being repeatedly compiled, slowing down the compilation speed. The following configuration is required:

    To use Clang to compile, but do not want to use PCH files to speed up the compilation process, you need to add the parameter ENABLE_PCH=OFF


Special Statement​

Starting from version 0.13, the dependency on the two third-party libraries [1] and [2] will be removed in the default compiled output. These two third-party libraries are under GNU General Public License V3. This license is incompatible with Apache License 2.0, so it will not appear in the Apache release by default.

Remove library [1] will result in the inability to access MySQL external tables. The feature of accessing MySQL external tables will be implemented through UnixODBC in future release version.

Remove library [2] will cause some data written in earlier versions (before version 0.8) to be unable to read. Because the data in the earlier version was compressed using the LZO algorithm, in later versions, it has been changed to the LZ4 compression algorithm. We will provide tools to detect and convert this part of the data in the future.

If required, you can continue to use these two libraries by adding the following option when compiling:


Note that if you use these two third-party libraries, that means you choose not to use Doris under the Apache License 2.0, and you might need to pay attention to the GPL-related agreements.

  • [1] mysql-5.7.18
  • [2] lzo-2.10